Burdujan Radu

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Posts Tagged ‘March 9’

This day in history: March 9

Posted by burdujan pe 09/03/2009

1913. Literature. Virginia Woolf delivers her first novel, The Voyage Out

Thirty-one-year-old writer Virginia Woolf delivers the manuscript of her first novel, The Voyage Out, to her publisher.

1916. WW-I. Germany declares war on Portugal.

On this day, Germany declares war on Portugal, who earlier that year honored its alliance with Great Britain by seizing German ships anchored in Lisbon’s harbor.

1943. Sports. Bobby Fischer born.

On this day, Bobby Fischer is born in Chicago, Illinois. Fischer became the only American ever to win the chess world championship. He also became well-known for his strange behavior, which anti-Semitic and anti-American rants, in spite of his Jewish background and American upbringing.

1945. WW-II. Firebombing of Tokyo.

On this day, U.S. warplanes launch a new bombing offensive against Japan, dropping 2,000 tons of incendiary bombs on Tokyo over the course of the next 48 hours. Almost 16 square miles in and around the Japanese capital were incinerated, and between 80,000 and 130,000 Japanese civilians were killed in the worst firestorm in recorded history.

„In the black Sumida River, countless bodies were floating, clothed bodies, naked bodies, all black as charcoal. It was unreal,” recorded one doctor at the scene. Only 243 American airmen were lostconsidered acceptable losses.

Documentary „The Greatest Bombing of Tokio”: part 1, part 2, part 3, part 4

1959. Barbie makes her debut.

On this day, the first Barbie doll goes on display at the American Toy Fair in New York City.

Eleven inches tall, with a waterfall of blond hair, Barbie was the first mass-produced toy doll in the United States with adult features. The woman behind Barbie was Ruth Handler.

1981. Disaster. Japanese power plant leaks radioactive waste

A nuclear accident at a Japan Atomic Power Company plant in Tsuruga, Japan, exposes 59 workers to radiation. The officials failed to timely inform the public and nearby residents.

Approximately 60,000 people lived in the area surrounding the atomic power plant. On March 9, a worker forgot to shut a critical valve, causing a radioactive sludge tank to overflow. Fifty-six (56) workers were sent in to mop up the radioactive sludge before the leak could escape the disposal building, but the plan was not successful and 16 tons of waste into Wakasa Bay.

Despite the obvious risk to people eating contaminated fish caught in the bay, Japan’s Atomic Power Commission made no public mention of the accident. Finally, on April 21, the Atomic Power Commission publicly admitted the nuclear accident but denied that anyone had been exposed to dangerous levels of radiation. In May 1981, the president and chairman of the Japan Atomic Power Company resigned.

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