Burdujan Radu

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Formele reduse

Posted by burdujan pe 18/04/2009

Formele reduse deobicei sunt folosite în timpul conversaţiilor.
Vom enumera câteva exemple de formele reduse folosite în engleza americană.

Going to se pronunţă GONNA când exprimă viitorul, dar nu se reduce dacă e vorba de verbul a merge.

* We’re going to grab a bite to eat. = We’re gonna grab a bite to eat.
* I’m going to the office tonight. = I’m going to the office tonight.

want to şi want a se pronunţă WANNA şi wants se pronunţă WANSTA.
Do you want to deasemenea poate fi redus la WANNA.

* I want to go for a walk. = I wanna go for a walk.
* Do you want a piece of cake? = Wanna piece of cake?
* He wants to avoid rush hour. = He wansta avoid rush hour.

Have to se pronunţă HAFTA şi has to se pronunţă HASTA.

* Sorry, I have to leave now. = Sorry, I hafta leave now.
* She has to go to work soon. = She hasta go to work soon.

Have se reduce la AV sau A în propoziţii negative şi afirmative.

* must have = must’av sau must’a;
must not have = mustn’av sau mustn’a
* would have = would’av sau would’a;
would not have = wouldn’av sau wouldn’a
* could have = could’av sau could’a;
could not have = couldn’av sau couldn’a
* should have = should’av sau should’a;
should not have = shouldn’av sau shouldn’a

You aproape întotdeauna se pronunţă YA,
you’re şi your are se pronunţă YER,
yours se pronunţă YERS.

* Do you feel under the weather? = Do ya feel under the weather?
* You’re completely right. = Yer completely right.
* Your brother will be fine. = Yer brother will be fine.
* Is this book yours? = Is this book yers?

To se pronunţă TA după sunete mute şi DA după sunete sonore.

* She wants to invite us to the party. = She wants ta invite us ta the party.
* I need to go to bed now. = I need da go da bed now.

And şi in ambele se reduc la N.

* Karen and Steve are coming to visit. = Karen ‘n Steve are coming to visit.
* Tim is in Paris this week. = Tom is ‘n Paris this week.

D + Y = J T + Y = CH
* did you = did’ju sau did’ja
let you = let’chu sau let’cha
* would you = would’ju sau would’ja
what you = what’chu sau what’cha
* could you = could’ju sau could’ja
don’t you = don’chu sau don’cha
* should you = should’ju sau should’ja
didn’t you = didn’chu sau didn’cha

T se pronunţă D când se află între două vocale.

* That’s a great idea. = That’s a gread idea.
* What a great car! = What a great car.

T nu se pronunţă când se află între N şi E.

* center = cen’er
* counted = coun’ed

Forma trecutului simplu -ED se pronunţă T după sunete mute,
D după sunete sonore, şi ID după T şi D.

T – D – ID
talked – played – decided
dressed – ordered – wanted
wished – happened – needed

La fel şi forma de plural –S se pronunţă S după sunete mute,
Z după sunete sonore, şi IZ după S, Z, SH, and CH.

S – Z – IZ
desks – sisters – horses
cats – legs – peaches
tops – eyes – offices

Sunetul h în pronumele he, him, his, her şi sunetul th nu se pronunţă când nu sunt accentuate; însă, când sunt accentuate se pronunţă.

* I think he flunked bio class. = I think ‘e flunked bio class.
* I told him to study more. = I told ‘im to study more.
* He got an A on his final. = He got an A on ‘is final.
* She thinks her teacher is crazy. = She thinks ‘er teacher is crazy.
* Pop quizzes… I hate them! = Pop quizzes… I hate ‘em

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Decizii de moment

Posted by burdujan pe 15/04/2009

Se folose;te Viitorul Simplu „will” pentru reacţii spontane. Cu late cuvinte, decizii luate în momentul vorbirii.

Exemple:
I’m hungry. – I’ll make you a sandwich. (Mi-este foame. Îţi voi face un sandviş)
It’s raining. – I’ll get an umbrella. (Plouă. Voi lua umbrela.)

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