Burdujan Radu

A blog for those who study English language

Archive for Noiembrie 2009

Verbele Frazale/Phrasal Verbs

Posted by burdujan pe 26/11/2009

Verbul frazal este un verb care este urmat de un adverb sau de o ppropoziție, ambii acționând ca o unitate semantică.
Adverbul sau prepoziția care urmează verbul se numește particulă (particle).
Verbul frazal într-o propoziție are aceiași funcție ca și un verb simplu, dar sensul lui este idiomatic:
That’s an offer he can’t turn down. Este o ofertă pe care n-o putem refuza.

Verbe frazale sunt
Separabile:
She added up the numbers.
She added the numbers up.

Inseparabile:
He broke into the conversation.

Cel mai dificil este că nu există regula când un verb frazal este separabil și când nu.

Anunțuri

Posted in Vocabulary | Etichetat: , | Leave a Comment »

Horse idioms

Posted by burdujan pe 14/11/2009


It’s neck and neck = este la egalitate;
On the home straight/stretch = la ultima sută de metri;
Down to the wire = a nu ajunge la un consesens.

Posted in Video Lessons, Vocabulary | Etichetat: , , , , | Leave a Comment »

Omofone și Omonime / Homophones and Homonyms

Posted by burdujan pe 04/11/2009

Omofone și Omonime sunt cuvintele care sunt confundate dese ori.

Omofon / Homophone

Un omofon este un cuvânt care se pronunță la fel ca și un alt cuvânt, dar se scriu diferit sau au sensuri diferite.

meet – meat (a întâlni – carne)
It’s nice to meet you!
Did you know that bolognese sauce is a tomato based meat sauce?

ate – eight (a mâncat – opt)
Henry ate a sandwich for lunch yesterday.
I’ll see you at eight o’clock tonight.

Omonime – Homonyms

Omonime sunt cuvinte care se scriu la fel dar au un sens complet diferit.

fly – fly (a zbura – muscă)
Mary doesn’t want to fly there. She’ll drive.
That fly is driving me crazy!

left – left (a lăsat – stâng)
I need to go back to the store. I think I left my wallet there.
Take the next left and then continue on down that road.

Alte Omofone:

affect – effect
affect = verb: a schimba, a influența
Good study habits will positively affect your grades.
effect = substantiv: rezultat, efect
I hope that new law has the desired effect.

break – brake
break = verb: a deteriora, a distruge
Oh no! You broke my daughter’s doll!
brake = substantiv: frâna
I hit the brakes with both feet trying to stop the car.

close – clothes
close = verb: a închide
We close at nine p.m.
clothes = substantiv: îmbrăcăminte
She wears very expensive clothes.

flour – flower
flour = substantiv: făină
Use two cups of flour and one cup of water.
flower = substantiv: floare
What a beautiful flower. Is it a rose?

hear – here
hear = verb: a auzi
Can you hear me?
here = adverb: aici
He lives here.

knight – night
knight = substantiv: cavaler
The knights of the round table were very powerful.
night = substantiv: noapte
Did you sleep well last night?

missed – mist
missed = verb: a pierde, a scăpa
Unfortunately, I missed my flight and have to stay the night.
mist = substantiv: ceaţă
Ireland is famous for its mist.

patience – patients
patience = substantiv: răbdare
It’s important to have a lot of patience if you want to teach kindergarten.
patients = substantiv: pacienți
There are ten patients waiting to be examined.

sole – soul
sole = substantiv: talpă (la încălţăminte)
My soles are burning!
soul = substantiv: suflet
What does your church believe about souls?

threw – through
threw = verb: a aruncat
I threw the ball to the first baseman.
through = prepoziție: prin
Tom walked through the room.

Alte Omonime

batter – batter
batter = substantiv: jucător care lovește mingea
The batter hit a home run out of the park!
batter = substantiv: aluat (nefermentat)
Add some water to soften the batter.

bug – bug
bug = substantiv: insectă
I hate bugs!
bug = verb: a plictisi pe cineva
He doesn’t want to bother you.

coach – coach
coach = substantiv: autocar
We took a coach through the countryside.
coach = verb: a antrena
Would you like to ask him to coach the team?

down – down
down = preposition: în jos
Set the book down and come here.
down = substantiv: puf
I bought a down pillow last month.

felt – felt
felt = verb: a simțit
He felt sick and stayed home for the day.
felt = substantiv: fetru, flanelă
We need to get new felt for the pool table.

groom – groom
groom = noun: mire
The groom looks very nervous!
groom = substantiv: a pregăti
We usually groom the players to become the very best.

last – last
last = adverb: ultimul
I saw him last Saturday.
last = verb: a continua, a dura
How long does the film last?

net – net
net = substantiv: plasă
The ball went into the net and the home team won.
net = verb: a aduce câștig
How much did you net last quarter?

organ – organ
organ = substantiv: partea corpului
The heart is considered the most important organ.
organ = substantiv: instrument muzical
Bach’s works are best heard on an organ.

Posted in Vocabulary | Etichetat: , , , | Leave a Comment »